The quiescenza is another common pattern used at the beginning of Baroque pieces.

This simple idea gives rise to a four part progression similar to the previous opening formula:

Here are a couple of examples:

Bach prelude BWV 939

Bach, Violin Concerto in A minor BWV 1041, second movement


  1. I wonder if you could provide an example of the Quiescenza in minor mode.
    Also, as I am a not very knowledgable about harmony : could you explain why the secondary leading tone “e” in the formula descends to “c”. I thought leading tones had to resolve to the tonic.
    Thanks very much for your help in advance.

    1. I think the end of the first movement of Mozart’s C minor piano concerto is a good example.

      The E can go down to C because it’s in an inner voice and the voice above it resolve to the F in the same octave. This is quite common in Bach Chorales.

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